Are you Stuck at band 6.5 in IELTS Writing?

IELTS Band 7 Writing | Stuck at band 6.5 | IELTS Writing Task 2 | IELTS Writing Strategies


Why I get 6.5 Bands in writing? 

Have you taken IELTS multiple times and still not able to get more than 6.5 Bands?

Well, in this blog, I have tried to explain an important trick involved in IELTS Writing Task 1 and IELTS Writing Task 2. 

Before reading this blog, I would request you to read my other article on band descriptors. 

Moving on to this topic, most of the videos on the internet insist on writing complex sentences; however, a very few tell about writing complex structure in writing tasks. 

Thus, according to my understanding and experience, we are supposed to write two or three such sentences with complex structure. Writing them accurately or at least a sensible try to write them in IELTS exam can get you 7 bands in writing. 

This brings us to a question.

What is the difference between a complex sentence and complex structure? 

First of all, let us understand, what is a complex sentence?

A complex sentence is a type of sentence that generally contains one independent clause and one (or more sometimes) dependent clause. 

I simply call it as a sentence which has two ideas or thoughts wherein one idea depends on the other to convey its meaning. 

Thus, the simplest of examples of complex sentences can be as below:

Example: As I love ice-cream, I eat it a lot. 

This sentence has two ideas: first- I love ice-cream, and second- I eat ice-cream a lot. 

Now the word 'As' acts a relation between two which shows the dependency of one sentence on the other. These words are called subordinate conjunctions. 

I hope this clears your understanding of a complex sentence. Still, I will try to write one more blog on the types of sentences in simple language explaining them in details.

Now, let us discuss, what is a complex structure.  

A complex structure, in the simplest of terms, contains more than three ideas/thoughts connected accurately in terms of grammar. 

The sentence variety which commonly comes under complex structure for the purpose of essay writing is as below:

1. Embedded clause -> 

A clause within a clause. Generally, the adjective clause forms the embedded clause, but according to my understanding, we should try to make a sentence with two subordinate conjunctions. 

For example: 

To begin with, if developing countries such as Bangladesh concentrate on expansion of industries, the unemployment ratio in such nations would seek a steep decline because this transformation along with agriculture can generate a large number of employment opportunities. 

Notice, the above sentence has two subordinating conjunctions: if and because.

More Examples: 

Such development cannot be attained if a nation relies only on agriculture as agricultural products are generally harvested twice a year

A recent report published in a prestigious newspaper revealed that the people who watched crime-related contents earlier are fifty per cent less victim as compared to the others who did not watch such movies.

2. Compound-Complex sentences -> 

It is the fourth type of sentence in the English language, but it is often ignored by the students. It is a combination of both compound and complex sentence i.e one subordinating conjunction and one coordinating conjunction.

For example: 

A person in New Delhi saved himself from being murdered after being kidnapped by criminals because he watched a related video earlier, and he learnt the abilities to tackle such conditions. 

3. Inversions -> 

It is a type of sentence that has a verb before the subject of a sentence as we do in question formation. 

For example:

Not only was it raining all day at the wedding but also the band was late.

However, we can use not only....but also structure without inverting also as used in the below example. 

Hence, crime scenes not only make people aware of illegal acts but also help in reducing the crime rate.

This structure also helps to fetch good marks for grammatical range and accuracy.

4. Conditionals -> 

It is the type of sentences that shows conditions i.e if something happens, something else will happen. There are generally four types of conditionals: zero, first, second, and third. Apart from this, there are mixed conditionals which are a little difficult to understand and remember. So, for the sake of essay writing, my advice is to avoid using mixed conditionals if you are not sure. 

The most common conjunction is 'if'.  

For example:

To begin with, if developing countries such as Bangladesh concentrate on expansion of industries, the unemployment ratio in such nations would seek a steep decline because this transformation along with agriculture can generate a large number of employment opportunities. 

5. Participle Clause -> 

The participle clauses are reduced adjective and adverb clauses. It is important to learn their use before implementing them in the essay.

I will soon write an article on this and shortcuts to use them in an essay to impress examiners. 

For example:

Normal adverb clause -> When the company is considering different options, it should pay attention to their costs.

Participle clause-> When considering different options, the company should pay attention to their costs.

Apart from the above-discussed sentence types, the other forms are question sentences, causative sentences and passive sentences which add complexity to writing. With the right mix of some of these sentences, you should be able to get past 6.5 bands mark in IELTS writing. 

In the end, just to highlight one more thing is that whole idea about using complex structure is to write a little longer sentences i.e. sentences with three or four ideas, but make sure you recognize them and write them in a correct grammatical structure.

I hope this article should help you in getting your dream score in IELTS Writing i.e more than 7 Bands. 

Good Luck!


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