ADVERB CLAUSE - A MUST KNOW - IELTS & PTE WRITING

ADVERB CLAUSE - A MUST KNOW FOR IELTS & PTE WRITING

ADVERB CLAUSE - A MUST KNOW FOR IELTS & PTE WRITING

One of the basic things to know before you set yourself on IELTS or PTE writing journey is Adverb clause and Adjective clause. In this article, I am going to discuss the adverb clause which is also known as the subordinate clause. This clause helps to form complex sentences which are the basic necessity of IELTS and PTE writing. 

A subordinate clause is a clause that has one independent and one dependent clause. If we talk about the literal meaning of the word 'subordinate', it means assistant or junior. So, a subordinate clause or adverb clause means a sentence that is having at least one dependent clause. Here, why I made reference to the literal meaning of 'subordinate' is to ensure that you can remember this for a long time and can differentiate it from the adjective clause. 

If you want to refresh your understanding of an independent and dependent clause, please check my article on the types of sentences.

Coming back to adverb clause. An adverb clause generally meets the following two criteria:

1. It always has one dependent clause and the words which form these clauses are called subordinating conjunctions. 

2. It answers one of these questions: why, when, how or where.


Some of the words that act as subordinating conjunction are the following:

after
although
as
as if
as long as
as much as
as soon as
as though
because
before
even if
even though
how
if
in as much as
in order that
lest
now that
provided
since
so that
than
that
though
till
unless
until
when
where
wherever
whereas
while

Common Usage of these conjunctions:
For Reason ➠ because, since.....
For Contrast ➠ although, whereas, while......
For Condition ➠ if, as long as, even if, only if......
For Time ➠ when, while, before, after, once...
For Purpose➠ so that......
For Comparison ➠ as, greater than, smaller than .......

Some examples of these conjunctions in sentences:

While computer games and television enhance knowledge of a child, reading books transform them into a more creative person.

Older buildings should be maintained properly because of their cultural significance.

After we finished watching the game at his residence, we went to a mall for dinner.

Since the weather is running too cold these days, I am keeping all the precautions for my kids.

Wherever James goes, Steve follows him. 

Whenever you get the time, please finish your homework. 


Comma placement in Subordinating clauses. 

1. If the dependent clause is at the beginning of a sentence, a comma will come before the start of an independent clause.

2. If the independent clause is at the beginning of a sentence, no comma will come.

For example:

After we finished watching the rugby game at his residence, we went to a mall for dinner. 

We went to a mall for dinner after we finished watching the rugby game at his residence.

Older buildings should be maintained properly because of their cultural significance.

Because of their cultural significance, older buildings should be maintained properly. 

Note the use of comma; however, there are always exceptions. 

Whenever we have although, while and whereas as a subordinating conjunction, a comma generally comes before the second part of a sentence, and it does not matter even if the dependent clause is at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. It becomes confusing in this regards. So, my suggestion is to use these conjunctions at the beginning of a sentence to avoid mistakes. 

See the placement of a comma in the below examples:

Although it rained quite heavily yesterday, there are no traces of water today in my city. 

There are no traces of water today in my city, although it rained quite heavily yesterday. 

While he was away on a tour, I used his car in his absence.

I used his car in his absence, while he was away on a tour.

Again, better to avoid them in the middle of a sentence to avoid any mistake.


This brings to the end. I hope many aspects of using the adverb clause are clear to you now.

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Good Luck!












Comments

  1. Quite informative and illustrative. Not only the lexicon but also the presentation of content makes the reader to dwell deep into the topic. A beautiful insight, one can say...

    ReplyDelete

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