Some useful tips for IELTS Reading-Fill in the blanks

IELTS Reading

IELTS- Reading Fill in the Blanks - Some Tips 


IELTS - Reading is one of the most daunting tasks for IELTS test-takers. There are not many tricks involved in Reading as compared to other tasks. In this article, I am trying to present a few tips and tricks to tackle this difficult task. 

The good thing about IELTS reading fill in the blanks is that they generally come in a sequence from the question passage. And more importantly, the words from the passage as it fits in the question fill in the blanks. That is we just need to focus on the right keywords. However, it is still somewhat tricky. 

Here are some tips for you to get clarity of certain aspects of grammar and try to solve them based on your knowledge of grammar. These tips are equally applicable in IELTS writing. 

Some general tips to use nouns, verbs, adverbs and adjectives and their preferred placement in a sentence. 

1. After having helping/auxiliary verbs like is/am/are/was/were in the sentence use the third form of a verb ➤ Present/Past Simple tense passive voice.
Or use verb + ing ➤ Present continuous tense.

2. With Has/Have/Had always use the third form of verb ➤ Past/Perfect Perfect tense.

3. With Be/Been/Being use the third form of a verb

4. Do/Does/Did + not use 'the first form of a verb'

5. Infinitive ➤ To + use 'the first form of a verb'

6. Preposition + use 'the first form of verb' + use 'ing' (except 'to')

7. Modals ( ) + use 'the first form of verb'

8. Articles (a, an, the) + use 'a noun'

9. Articles (a, an, the) +  use 'adjective + noun'

10. Possessive pronouns such as yours, ours, its, their, this, that, those + use 'nouns'

11. Possessive pronouns such as yours, ours, its, their, this, that, those + use 'adjective + noun'

12. Helping verb + adverb + principal/main verb
      He was continuously running.

13. He/She/it/ Singular third person + use 'first form of a verb(s)'

14. I/we/you/they + use 'first form of a verb(s)'

15. 'And' is used to connect the same family members i.e an adjective with an adjective, a noun with a noun.



Now, let us learn how to recognize Noun, Verb, Adverb and Adjective. 

Let us understand them one by one


NOUN
A noun is usually a name of person, place or thing.
A word is a noun in most of the cases below:
  1. A noun can follow articles (a, an, the) or quantity words such as some, a lot, a number. Usually, most of the nouns are preceded by articles but not always. For Example, a banana, an umbrella. Note: uncountable nouns do not have plurals forms, but they can be checked by adding 'any' or 'some' before them. For example, uncountable noun 'water' does not have a plural form, but we can always say like 'please give me some water'.
  2. A noun mostly can be pluralized. (Uncountable nouns, however, do not have a plural form eg. Music, art, love). For example, two bananas, Some umbrellas.
  3. It can be used in the pattern: article + adjective + noun. For example, a colourful umbrella.
The words ending with below-mentioned endings are generally nouns:
......ment ➤ development, unemployment, government, etc.
......ness ➤ laziness, fitness, loneliness, etc.
......tion/sion ➤ action, admission, expansion, alteration etc.
......ty ➤ safety, complexity, similarity, etc.
......ance/ence ➤ independence, endurance, assistance, etc.
......er ➤ driver, teacher etc (but not comparatives like smaller, greater, etc)
......ism ➤ criticism, communism, etc.
......ship ➤ friendship, ownership, etc.
......age ➤ mileage, postage, baggage, breakage, etc.
......dom ➤ freedom, kingdom, etc.
......hood ➤ parenthood, brotherhood, childhood, etc.


VERB
A word is a verb if it expresses an action, occurrence, or states of being.
A word is a verb in most of the cases below:
  1. A word which can be used in the third person singular verb form. Take an example of the word 'run'. We can always say that 'he runs'.
  2. When it can be used with 'ing' ending. For example, he is running.
  3. If it can be used with a modal verb. For example, he can run for three hours continuously.
The words ending with below-mentioned endings are generally the verb:
.....ate ➤ dominate, irritate, regulate, etc.
.....ated ➤ dominated, irritated, regulated, etc.
.....en ➤ awaken, soften, fasten, etc.
.....ify ➤ identify, satisfy, exemplify, etc.
.....ise/ize ➤ realise, finalize, etc.


ADVERB
A word is an adverb if it modifies or describes a verb, adjective, sometimes another adverb, or sometimes a whole sentence.

Generally, we can recognize them with 'ly' in the end
.....ly ➤ firmly, eagerly, slowly, etc.


ADJECTIVE
A word is an adjective in most of the cases below:
  1. If a word can take the comparative ending 'er'. For example, This umbrella is smaller than the other. Here the word 'small' is an adjective.
  2. or, if a word can take the superlative ending 'est'. For example, he is the tallest person in the class.
  3. or, it can follow the verb 'seems'. For example, she seems more beautiful than her sister.
The words ending with below-mentioned endings are generally adjectives:
......able ➤ comfortable, durable, knowledgeable, etc.
......less ➤ harmless, priceless, endless, etc.
......ous ➤ dangerous, famous, nervous, etc.
......ful ➤ cheerful, colourful, playful, etc.
......ive ➤ defective, lucrative, attractive, etc.
......some ➤ awesome, cumbersome, etc.
......ical ➤magical, political, optical, etc.

I hope the above-discussed points will help you to an extent in dealing with the reading questions. Still, in reading, a lot of effort and practice is required.

Good luck!
















Comments

Most Popular

Failing to get 79+ in PTE - A Complete Guide to get you 79+

All PTE Describe Images with one template

PTE 65+ and 79+ with different strategies

Summarize Spoken Text - 79+ in PTE Listening & Writing